As the world population continues to grow, there is a need to ensure sustainable agriculture and food systems for sustainable development. The increasing population has seen much of the agricultural land being transformed into residential and industrial parks. The decreasing agricultural lands, increasing population, and the changing weather conditions have heightened the need to invest in agricultural production. There is need to sustainably increase production, improve the supply chain and decrease losses and wastages to ensure sustainable agricultural production.
Ways to ensure sustainable agricultural development
Develop policies: Without proper policies governing the agriculture system, wastages and underinvestment will continue to happen affecting sustainability as well as food security. Developing and implementing agriculture policies helps to maximize the positive role in sustainability efforts ensuring improved social, economic and environmental sustainability of food systems. The policies should also govern the role of trade in supporting sustainable agricultural development.
Improve food safety and working conditions: There should be an increased awareness of the benefits of healthy diets and improved nutrition. The process should also include developing the capacity to meet national and international quality and safety standards, frameworks, and schemes. It is also important to ensure the working and living conditions of all workers are protected including providing fair wages.
Empower all farmers: The government should ensure equal access to resources among all farmers including disadvantaged individuals like youth. The empowerment should include training, advisory services, and financing as well as access to land and resources.
Protect the environment: The process should seek to improve all systems of production to preserve the ecosystems, biodiversity, and minimize environmental degradation. The process should also seek to reduce gas emissions. There should also be a need to ensure better use of natural resources as well as halting deforestation, improving soil quality, better management of water resources and restoring degraded lands.
Enhance resilience against variability and risks: Small scale farmers and pastoralists should be empowered to ensure they are not affected by climate change. Policies and tools should also be developed to help improve capacity, manage risks, and reduce excessive price volatility. Governments should also enhance access to insurance as well as improve disease prevention, control, and surveillance.
Promote innovation, research, and development: Transfer of technology and capacity building should be encouraged while ensuring data safety management like VPN setting iPad. The use of technology should be encouraged as it allows seamless communication allowing food to be moved to the needy areas in real time avoiding wastages and losses.
Fostering sustainable agriculture and food system is the only to feed future generations. When it is properly managed and implemented, it will ensure production efficiency, protect the environment, improve economies, create jobs and create wealth. It can also enrich the traditional farmer knowledge halting the risks that affect the environment such as degradation and deforestation.